Celiac disease and recurrent pancreatitis

R. S. Patel, Jr Johlin F.C., Joseph A Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Celiac disease is associated with pancreatico-biliary disease. Postulated mechanisms include reduced gallbladder emptying due to impaired cholecystokinin release and pancreatitis due to malnutrition. We hypothesize that celiac disease may also be associated with pancreatico- billary abnormalities due to duodenal inflammation and papillary stenosis. Methods: Over a 48-month period, 169 patients referred for possible sphincter of Oddi dysfunction who underwent pancreatico-biliary manometry were tested for giladin and endomysial antibodies. Duodenal and papillary biopsies were preformed in those patients who were positive. Results: Celiac disease was diagnosed in 12 (7.1%; 3 men, 9 women). The mean age was 61 years as compared with 37 years for those patients without celiac disease. All of the celiac patients had been referred for recurrent abdominal pain and/or idiopathic pancreatitis. Ten had idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis with elevated amylase and lipase levels. Two of these patients also had mildly elevated liver function tests associated with the abdominal pain. Only 3 of 12 patients had a prior diagnosis of celiac disease. These 12 patients had manometric evidence of stenosis and histologic evidence of periampullary inflammation as well as histologic changes consistent with celiac disease. In 10 of 12 patients sphincterotomy or extension of a prior papillotomy was performed. Two patients were treated with a gluten-free diet alone. Conclusions: We describe 12 patients with papillary stenosis and celiac disease. In 9 cases the celiac disease was a new diagnosis. Celiac disease should be considered in the etiology of papillary stenosis or idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)823-827
Number of pages5
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

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Celiac Disease
Pancreatitis
Pathologic Constriction
Abdominal Pain
Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction
Gallbladder Emptying
Inflammation
Gluten-Free Diet
Liver Function Tests
Cholecystokinin
Manometry
Amylases
Lipase
Malnutrition
Abdomen
Biopsy
Antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Celiac disease and recurrent pancreatitis. / Patel, R. S.; Johlin F.C., Jr; Murray, Joseph A.

In: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Vol. 50, No. 6, 1999, p. 823-827.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Patel, R. S. ; Johlin F.C., Jr ; Murray, Joseph A. / Celiac disease and recurrent pancreatitis. In: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 1999 ; Vol. 50, No. 6. pp. 823-827.
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