Caspases play a key role during apoptotic execution. In an attempt to elucidate the specific role of caspase-7 we generated a chicken DT40 cell line in which both alleles of the gene were disrupted. Viability assays showed that caspase-7-/- clones are more resistant to the common apoptosis-inducing drugs etoposide and staurosporine. Caspase-7-/- cells show a delay in phosphatidylserine externalization and DNA fragmentation as well as cleavage of the caspase substrates poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 and lamins B1 and B2. Caspase affinity labeling and activity assays indicated that deficient cells exhibit a delay in caspase activation compared with wild type DT40 cells, providing an explanation for the differences in apoptotic execution between caspase-7 null and wild type DT40 cells. These results strongly suggest that caspase-7 is involved earlier than other effector caspases in the apoptotic execution process in DT40 B lymphocytes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 9 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology