All eligible adult cases of completed ischemic stroke (N = 112) derived from a prevalence survey of the Parsi community in Bombay, India, served as the basis of a case-control study of risk factors. The stroke morbidity rate in this group was similar to that reported for North America. A control subject free of stroke was selected randomly from the same population and matched to each case by age and sex. Information was obtained on various risk factors. Hypertension, both by history (odds ratio = 10.8) and by examination (odds ratio = 2.1), had a statistically significant association with stroke (p < 0.01). This is one of the first community-based case-control studies of stroke in a large developing country.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology