Glioblastoma (WHO grade IV astrocytoma) is the most common and most aggressive primary brain tumor in adults. Optimal treatment of a patient with glioblastoma requires collaborative care across numerous specialties. The diagnosis of glioblastoma may be suggested by the symptomatic presentation and imaging, but it must be pathologically confirmed via surgery, which can have dual diagnostic and therapeutic roles. Standard of care postsurgical treatment for newly diagnosed patients involves radiation therapy and oral temozolomide chemotherapy. Despite numerous recent trials of novel therapeutic approaches, this standard of care has not changed in over a decade. Treatment options under active investigation include molecularly targeted therapies, immunotherapeutic approaches, and the use of alternating electrical field to disrupt tumor cell division. These trials may be aided by new insights into glioblastoma heterogeneity, allowing for focused evaluation of new treatments in the patient subpopulations most likely to benefit from them. Because glioblastoma is incurable by current therapies, frequent clinical and radiographic assessment is needed after initial treatment to allow for early intervention upon progressive tumor when it occurs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)