Purpose: To determine the accuracy of elliptic centric contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) angiography by using conventional angiography as the reference standard. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients were examined prospectively with contrast-enhanced MR angiography and conventional angiography. The two examinations were performed within 1 week of each other. Two patients underwent conventional angiography of only one carotid artery, which yielded 98 arteries for comparison. Results: With conventional angiography as the reference standard and by using a 70% threshold for internal carotid arterial diameter stenosis, maximum intensity projection (MIP) images had a sensitivity of 93.3%, specificity of 85.1%, and accuracy of 87.6%, whereas reformatted transverse source images had a sensitivity of 83.3%, specificity of 97.0%, and accuracy of 92.8%. Interobserver variability for conventional angiograms was 0.97, for MIP images was 0.91, and for source images was 0.90. The contrast-enhanced MR angiographic technique had a sensitivity of 88.9% and specificity of 58.1% for the presence of irregularity and/or ulceration. All 50 examinations were triggered appropriately so that minimal or no venous signal intensity was depicted. Conclusion: Contrast-enhanced elliptic centric three-dimensional MR angiography offers high-spatial-resolution, venous-suppressed images of the carotid arteries that appear to be adequate to replace conventional angiography in most patients examined prior to carotid endarterectomy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging