Career interest and perceptions of nephrology: A repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents

Michael N. Daniels, Sharon Maynard, Ivan Porter, Hope Kincaid, Deepika Jain, Nabeel Aslam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Interest in nephrology careers among internal medicine residents in the United States is declining. Our objective was to assess the impact of the presence of a nephrology fellowship training program on perceptions and career interest in nephrology among internal medicine residents. A secondary objective was to identify commonly endorsed negative perceptions of nephrology among internal medicine residents. Methods This was a repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents before (Group 1) and 3 years after (Group 2) the establishment of nephrology fellowship programs at two institutions. The primary outcome was the percentage of residents indicating nephrology as a career interest in Group 1 vs. Group 2. Secondary outcomes included the frequency that residents agreed with negative statements about nephrology. Results 131 (80.9%) of 162 residents completed the survey. 19 (14.8%) residents indicated interest in a nephrology career, with 8 (6.3%) indicating nephrology as their first choice. There was no difference in career interest in nephrology between residents who were exposed to nephrology fellows during residency training (Group 2) and residents who were not (Group 1). The most commonly endorsed negative perceptions of nephrology were: nephrology fellows have long hours/burdensome call (36 [28.1%] of residents agreed or strongly agreed), practicing nephrologists must take frequent/difficult call (35 [27.6%] agreed or strongly agreed), and nephrology has few opportunities for procedures (35 [27.3%] agreed or strongly agreed). More residents in Group 2 agreed that nephrology is poorly paid (8.9% in Group 1 vs. 20.8% in Group 2, P = 0.04), whereas more residents in Group 1 agreed that nephrologists must take frequent/difficult call (40.0% in Group 1 vs. 18.1% in Group 2, P = 0.02). Conclusions The initiation of a nephrology fellowship program was not associated with an increase in internal medicine residents' interest in nephrology careers. Residents endorsed several negative perceptions of nephrology, which may affect career choice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0172167
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

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Nephrology
Internal Medicine
cross-sectional studies
medicine
Cross-Sectional Studies
career choice
education programs
Career Choice
Public Opinion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Career interest and perceptions of nephrology : A repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents. / Daniels, Michael N.; Maynard, Sharon; Porter, Ivan; Kincaid, Hope; Jain, Deepika; Aslam, Nabeel.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 12, No. 2, e0172167, 01.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Daniels, Michael N. ; Maynard, Sharon ; Porter, Ivan ; Kincaid, Hope ; Jain, Deepika ; Aslam, Nabeel. / Career interest and perceptions of nephrology : A repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents. In: PLoS One. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 2.
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abstract = "Background Interest in nephrology careers among internal medicine residents in the United States is declining. Our objective was to assess the impact of the presence of a nephrology fellowship training program on perceptions and career interest in nephrology among internal medicine residents. A secondary objective was to identify commonly endorsed negative perceptions of nephrology among internal medicine residents. Methods This was a repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents before (Group 1) and 3 years after (Group 2) the establishment of nephrology fellowship programs at two institutions. The primary outcome was the percentage of residents indicating nephrology as a career interest in Group 1 vs. Group 2. Secondary outcomes included the frequency that residents agreed with negative statements about nephrology. Results 131 (80.9{\%}) of 162 residents completed the survey. 19 (14.8{\%}) residents indicated interest in a nephrology career, with 8 (6.3{\%}) indicating nephrology as their first choice. There was no difference in career interest in nephrology between residents who were exposed to nephrology fellows during residency training (Group 2) and residents who were not (Group 1). The most commonly endorsed negative perceptions of nephrology were: nephrology fellows have long hours/burdensome call (36 [28.1{\%}] of residents agreed or strongly agreed), practicing nephrologists must take frequent/difficult call (35 [27.6{\%}] agreed or strongly agreed), and nephrology has few opportunities for procedures (35 [27.3{\%}] agreed or strongly agreed). More residents in Group 2 agreed that nephrology is poorly paid (8.9{\%} in Group 1 vs. 20.8{\%} in Group 2, P = 0.04), whereas more residents in Group 1 agreed that nephrologists must take frequent/difficult call (40.0{\%} in Group 1 vs. 18.1{\%} in Group 2, P = 0.02). Conclusions The initiation of a nephrology fellowship program was not associated with an increase in internal medicine residents' interest in nephrology careers. Residents endorsed several negative perceptions of nephrology, which may affect career choice.",
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