Hoarseness associated with mitral stenosis was initially described by Ortner. Several cardiopulmonary conditions were associated with left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy over the last 100 years; thus, the syndrome is termed as cardiovocal syndrome or Ortner's syndrome. This study aimed to classify the various predisposing conditions and to explain the pathophysiology and treatment opportunities available for these patients.
- Cardiovocal syndrome
- LRLN palsy
- Ortner's syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine