Cardiovascular Consequences of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Brynn K. Dredla, Pablo R. Castillo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose of Review: To review the clinical evidence for a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and hypertension, arrhythmias, coronary artery disease, and congestive heart failure. Recent Findings: Current data show that obstructive sleep apnea is a risk for cardiovascular disease. Studies have linked untreated moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea to hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, coronary artery disease, and congestive heart failure. However, uncertainty regarding benefits of treatment of obstructive sleep apnea to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease still exists. The issue of poor compliance has been an on-going limitation of CPAP trials. Summary: Evidence shows obstructive sleep apnea is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease but trials have yet to clarify if cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality decreases with treatment of the apnea. Future treatment trials are needed to address the question of whether treatment decreases cardiovascular risk in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number137
JournalCurrent cardiology reports
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Fingerprint

Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Coronary Artery Disease
Heart Failure
Hypertension
Apnea
Therapeutics
Uncertainty
Morbidity
Mortality

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Hypertension
  • Obstructive sleep Apnea
  • Sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Cardiovascular Consequences of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. / Dredla, Brynn K.; Castillo, Pablo R.

In: Current cardiology reports, Vol. 21, No. 11, 137, 01.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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