Cardiovascular and pulmonary complications of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

Nicolas Bruder, Alejandro Rabinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiopulmonary complications after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage negatively affect overall morbidity and mortality. An electronic literature search was performed for English-language articles focused on cardiopulmonary complications with subarachnoid hemorrhage published through October 2010. A total of 278 citations were identified, including 72 clinical studies. In most cases, study quality was low or very low. Cardiac injury, evidenced by an elevation in troponin levels, is reported in about one-third of patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Arrhythmias also occur in about one-third of patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage. The incidence of pulmonary complications, especially neurogenic pulmonary edema, is more difficult to establish from available literature. Cardiopulmonary complications have been linked to worsened clinical outcome, suggesting a role for cardiac monitoring and interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-269
Number of pages13
JournalNeurocritical care
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Arrhythmia
  • Myocardial
  • Neurogenic pulmonary edema
  • Troponin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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