Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a vasoconstricting and mitogenic peptide released from vascular endothelial cells under normal and pathophysiological conditions, and synthesis and secretion of ET-1 are stimulated by cytokines. Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is a new member of the interleukin-6-type cytokines that induce biological actions through the glycoprotein (gp) 130. The present study was designed to determine the presence of CT-1 and the gp130 cytokine system in vascular endothelial cells and to investigate whether CT-1 stimulates synthesis and secretion of ET-1 in the vascular endothelial cells. We first sought to determine gene expression and immunoreactivity of CT-1, gp130 and ET-1 in cultured canine aortic endothelial cells (CAECs) using Northern blot analysis and immunocytochemistry, which revealed the presence of CT-1 and gp130 together with ET-1 in CAECs. CT-1 increased ET-1 gene expression in CAECs, and stimulated ET-1 secretion from CAECs in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, inhibition of gp130 by monoclonal antibody attenuated ET-1 secretion from CAECs, suggesting that actions of CT-1 on the secretion of ET-1 are mediated through gp130 receptor system. The present study, therefore, reports the presence of CT-1 and gp130 in vascular endothelial cells and mechanisms of secretion of ET-1 related to this cytokine system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience