Capsular warning syndrome and crescendo lacunar strokes after atherosclerotic stenosis of the recurrent artery of Heubner

José E. Cohen, Alejandro Rabinstein, John M. Gomori, Ronen R. Leker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


The stereotype of repetitive transient cerebral ischemia causing unilateral motor, sensory, or sensorimotor deficits that simultaneously affect the face, arm, and leg, clinically localized to the internal capsule, fits with the description of capsular warning syndrome (CWS). A high proportion of individuals with these symptoms develop subsequent capsular stroke, despite various proposed preventative measures. It has been postulated that the mechanism for such strokes is that of small-vessel single-penetrator disease. We present a patient with repetitive CWS intermingled with crescendo capsular strokes secondary to recurrent artery of Heubner disease. This report causally links CWS-crescendo lacunar strokes and Heubner artery atherosclerotic disease (intracranial branch atheromatous disease).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1730-1733
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012



  • Capsular stroke
  • Capsular warning syndrome
  • Heubner disease
  • Lacunar stroke
  • Stroke mechanisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this