CAP/ACMG proficiency testing for biochemical genetics laboratories: A summary of performance

College of American Pathologists and American College of Medical Genetics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

PurposeTesting for inborn errors of metabolism is performed by clinical laboratories worldwide, each utilizing laboratory-developed procedures. We sought to summarize performance in the College of American Pathologists' (CAP) proficiency testing (PT) program and identify opportunities for improving laboratory quality. When evaluating PT data, we focused on a subset of laboratories that have participated in at least one survey since 2010.MethodsAn analysis of laboratory performance (2004 to 2014) on the Biochemical Genetics PT Surveys, a program administered by CAP and the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Analytical and interpretive performance was evaluated for four tests: amino acids, organic acids, acylcarnitines, and mucopolysaccharides.ResultsSince 2010, 150 laboratories have participated in at least one of four PT surveys. Analytic sensitivities ranged from 88.2 to 93.4%, while clinical sensitivities ranged from 82.4 to 91.0%. Performance was higher for US participants and for more recent challenges. Performance was lower for challenges with subtle findings or complex analytical patterns.ConclusionUS clinical biochemical genetics laboratory proficiency is satisfactory, with a minority of laboratories accounting for the majority of errors. Our findings underscore the complex nature of clinical biochemical genetics testing and highlight the necessity of continuous quality management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-90
Number of pages8
JournalGenetics in Medicine
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • analytic sensitivity
  • biochemical genetics
  • clinical sensitivity
  • inborn errors of metabolism
  • proficiency testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

College of American Pathologists and American College of Medical Genetics (2018). CAP/ACMG proficiency testing for biochemical genetics laboratories: A summary of performance. Genetics in Medicine, 20(1), 83-90. https://doi.org/10.1038/gim.2017.61