Canine small bowel motor patterns and contractions are not neurally regulated during enteric nutrient infusion

Kevin E. Behrns, Michael G. Sarr, Russell B. Hanson, Alan R. Zinsmeister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aims of this study were to determine the effects of duodenal and jejunoileal nutrient infusions on small intestinal motor patterns and intestinal contractions in neurally intact and neurally isolated small bowel. Fifteen dogs were prepared with duodenal and jejunal infusion and manometry catheters and a diverting jejunal cannula. Ten of the dogs underwent in situ neural isolation of the jejunolieum. A mixed nutrient meal (0.5 kcal/ml) was infused into the duodenum or jejunum at 3 ml/min for 5 h. Control experiments involved infusion of a balanced salt solution. Manometric data collected on- line to a microcomputer were analyzed for direction, distance, and velocity of spread of single pressure waves (SPW) and clustered contractions. Isolated duodenal and jejunoileal nutrient infusions inhibited the fasting motor pattern in neurally intact and neurally isolated small bowel. Motor activity (motility index) increased slightly during nutrient infusion within groups, but there were few differences between groups. Neither neural isolation nor nutrient infusion had a consistent effect on spread of SPW or migration of clustered contractions. Isolated duodenal and jejunoileal nutrient infusions in the dog inhibit fasting motor patterns and increase motor activity slightly but have little effect on characteristics of individual and clustered contractions. Extrinsic innervation to the jejunoileum or intrinsic neural continuity of the jejunum with the duodenum had little effect on single or grouped contractions. Although the changes in motor activity demonstrated in this study appear small, alterations in intestinal transit and absorption may still occur and may be of importance physiologically.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G912-G922
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume274
Issue number5 37-5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1998

Keywords

  • Clustered contractions
  • Migrating motor complex
  • Motility
  • Neural regulation
  • Single pressure waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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