Can we stop the stuttering in stroke? Interventions in 40 patients with acute lacunes

Maximiliano A. Hawkes, Sherri A. Braksick, Wei Zhang, Eelco F.M. Wijdicks, Alejandro A. Rabinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Whether any treatment can stop fluctuations of stuttering lacunar syndromes (SLS) is unclear. Case reports have variably suggested effectiveness of intravenous thrombolysis, dual antiplatelet treatment, blood pressure augmentation and anticoagulation. We aim to describe our experience with different treatments used in in patients presenting with SLS and their effect on clinical fluctuations and functional outcome. Methods: We collected demographic and clinical data of consecutive adult patients with SLS. Descriptive summaries were reported as median and inter-quartile range (IQR) for continuous variables and as frequencies and percentages for categorical variables. Results: Forty patients (72 ± 10 years, 36% female) were included. Pure motor syndrome (57%) was the most frequent clinical presentation. Clinical fluctuations stopped and the improvement was temporally related to aspirin-clopidogrel in 11/17 cases, intravenous thrombolysis in 4/6 cases, blood pressure augmentation in 1/3 cases and aspirin in 1/7 cases. Two patients continued fluctuating after IVT and later responded to blood pressure augmentation (n = 1) or aspirin-clopidogrel (n = 1). Conclusions: Aspirin plus clopidogrel may be followed by clinical improvement when intravenous thrombolysis is not an option. Blood pressure augmentation may beneficial as ad-on treatment in patients with labile blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume401
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2019

Keywords

  • Capsular warning
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Stroke
  • Stuttering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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