Can psychiatric and chemical dependency treatment units be smoke free?

Christi A. Patten, John E. Martin, Neville Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

The feasibility and appropriateness of establishing smoke-free psychiatric and chemical dependency treatment units are topics of recent interest. This paper reviews the literature on the implementation of smoke- free policies in psychiatric and chemical dependency treatment units. Several issues are addressed including (a) the concerns raised by treatment staff' regarding the implementation of a smoke-free policy, (b) the effects of involuntary smoking cessation or reduction on the treatment and/or recovery of patients, (c) the utilization of smoking cessation interventions by patients and staff and (d) the effects of a smoke-free environment on the smoking behavior of patients and staff. It is concluded that a smoke-free environment is a reasonable and achievable goal in these settings. However, the implementation of a smoke-free policy in chemical dependency treatment units has met with several more problems than those observed in psychiatric settings. Recommendations for further clinical research and program implementation are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-118
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • chemical dependency treatment
  • nicotine dependence
  • psychiatric treatment
  • smoke-free policy
  • smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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