Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine, for 3 basic clinical examinations, whether blinded, experienced CT radiologists participating in the ACR's CT Accreditation Program could use scan parameters such as tube current-time product (mAs), tube voltage (kVp), and pitch to predict scanner output settings, expressed as weighted CT dose index (CTDIw) and volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), exceeding CTDIw diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) set by the ACR in 2002 and CTDIvol DRLs adopted by the ACR in 2008. Methods: CT sites with 829 scanners submitted examinations to the ACR between 2002 and 2004, yielding 518 eligible examinations for analysis (138 adult head CT scans, 333 adult abdominal CT scans, and 47 pediatric abdominal CT scans). The sites' measured CTDIw values for each type of examination were compared with the ACR's CTDIw DRLs in effect from 2002 to 2004 and compared with comments regarding excessively high mAs or kVp made by radiologist clinical reviewers to determine if excessively high-dose index measurements could be predicted. The same analysis was repeated using CTDIvol DRLs adopted by the ACR in 2008 and compared with excessively high mAs or kVp and excessively low-pitch comments. Results: Excessively high mAs or kVp comments yielded sensitivity of only 21.2% in predicting examinations above the CTDIw DRLs, with specificity of 87.6%. Using the 2008 CTDIvol DRLs, the corresponding sensitivity was 13.1% and specificity was 86.2%. Significance was not achieved for use of clinical parameters in predicting either the CTDIw or CTDIvol. Conclusion: Experienced CT radiologists cannot reliably use scan parameters to predict examinations that exceed CTDIw or CTDIvol DRLs.
- CT accreditation
- diagnostic reference levels
- radiation dose
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging