Nitrous oxide (N2O) accumulates in the CO2 pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopy when N2O is used as an adjuvant for inhaled anesthesia. This may worsen the consequences of gas embolism and introduce a fire risk. In this study, we quantified the pneumoperitoneal gas venting necessary to prevent significant contamination by inhaled N2O. Four domestic pigs (26-30 kg) were anesthetized and ventilated with 66% N2O in oxygen. A CO2 pneumoperitoneum was insufflated and maintained at a pressure of 12 mm Hg. Each animal underwent three experimental conditions, in random sequence, for 70 min each: 1) no pneumoperitoneal leak, 2) leak of 2 L every 10 min (12 L/h), and 3) leak of 4 L every 10 min (24 L/h). Every 10 min, pneumoperitoneal gas samples were analyzed for fractions (FPn) of N2O and CO2. Without leaks, FPnN2O increased continually and reached 29.58% ± 3.15% at 70 min. With leaks of 2 and 4 L every 10 min (12 and 24 L/h), FPnN2O reached a plateau of <10% after 30 min. We conclude that calibrated pneumoperitoneal venting of 12 or 24 L/h is enough to prevent the constitution of potentially dangerous pneumoperitoneal gas mixtures if venting is constant.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine