Cadaveric verification of the Eclipse AAA algorithm for spine SBRT treatments with titanium hardware

Michael P. Grams, Luis E. Fong de los Santos, John A. Antolak, Debra H. Brinkmann, Michelle J. Clarke, Sean S. Park, Kenneth R. Olivier, Thomas J. Whitaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess the accuracy of the Eclipse Analytical Anisotropic Algorithm when calculating dose for spine stereotactic body radiation therapy treatments involving surgically implanted titanium hardware. Methods and materials: A human spine was removed from a cadaver, cut sagittally along the midline, and then separated into thoracic and lumbar sections. The thoracic section was implanted with titanium stabilization hardware; the lumbar section was not implanted. Spine sections were secured in a water phantom and simulated for treatment planning using both standard and extended computed tomography (CT) scales. Target volumes were created on both spine sections. Dose calculations were performed using (1) the standard CT scale with relative electron density (RED) override of image artifacts and hardware, (2) the extended CT scale with RED override of image artifacts only, and (3) the standard CT scale with no RED overrides for hardware or artifacts. Plans were delivered with volumetric modulated arc therapy using a 6-MV beam with and without a flattening filter. A total of 3 measurements for each plan were made with Gafchromic film placed between the spine sections and compared with Eclipse dose calculations using gamma analysis with a 2%/2 mm passing criteria. A single measurement in a homogeneous phantom was made for each plan before actual delivery. Results: Gamma passing rates for measurements in the homogeneous phantom were 99.6% or greater. Passing rates for measurements made in the lumbar spine section without hardware were 99.3% or greater; measurements made in the thoracic spine containing titanium were 98.6 to 99.5%. Conclusions: Eclipse Analytical Anisotropic Algorithm can adequately model the effects of titanium implants for spine stereotactic body radiation therapy treatments using volumetric modulated arc therapy. Calculations with standard or extended CT scales give similarly accurate results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-141
Number of pages11
JournalPractical Radiation Oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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