C-344T polymorphism of the aldosterone synthase gene and blood pressure in the elderly: A population-based study

Edoardo Casiglia, Valérie Tikhonoff, Alberto Mazza, Andrzej Rynkiewicz, Janusz Limon, Sandro Caffi, Francesco Guglielmi, Bortolo Martini, Giancarlo Basso, Mikolaj Winnicki, Achille C. Pessina, Virend K. Somers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Whether the C-344T polymorphism of the aldosterone synthase gene is important for blood pressure control remains controversial. It has been proposed that an association between this polymorphism and blood pressure might be evident in elderly subjects. The aim of the present study was to test this hypothesis in an epidemiological context. Design: A cross-sectional epidemiological evaluation of a highly homogeneous unselected general population of elderly Caucasians. Methods: Lifestyle, medical history, anthropometrics, skinfold thickness, supine blood pressure, heart rate and biochemical measures were recorded in 437 subjects aged ≥ 65 years living in a secluded valley. All were genotyped for C-344T allele status and underwent measurements of plasma aldosterone and renin. Results: The C-344T genotypic frequency did not deviate from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The aldosterone to renin ratio was 19% lower in the CC than in the TT genotype. Systolic blood pressure was significantly lower in subjects with the CC genotype, higher in the TT (+9.6 mmHg versus CC) and intermediate in the CT (+7.9 mmHg versus CC). Adjustment for age, gender, smoking and antihypertensive treatment did not affect this association. Diastolic blood pressure did not differ across genotypes. A significant increase of systolic blood pressure with increasing age and with increasing skinfold thickness was observed in the TT homozygotes but not in the C-carriers. Conclusions: These data support the concept that the C-344T polymorphism plays a role in controlling systolic blood pressure and the age-related increase in systolic blood pressure in response to age and to body fat, possibly through differences in modulation of aldosterone synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1991-1996
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of hypertension
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Aldosterone
  • Blood pressure
  • CYP11B2
  • Epidemiology
  • General population
  • Polymorphism
  • Sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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