Burosumab for the Treatment of Tumor-Induced Osteomalacia

Suzanne M. Jan de Beur, Paul D. Miller, Thomas J. Weber, Munro Peacock, Karl Insogna, Rajiv Kumar, Frank Rauch, Diana Luca, Tricia Cimms, Mary Scott Roberts, Javier San Martin, Thomas O. Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is caused by phosphaturic mesenchymal tumors producing fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and is characterized by impaired phosphate metabolism, skeletal health, and quality of life. UX023T-CL201 is an ongoing, open-label, phase 2 study investigating the safety and efficacy of burosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits FGF23, in adults with TIO or cutaneous skeletal hypophosphatemia syndrome (CSHS). Key endpoints were changes in serum phosphorus and osteomalacia assessed by transiliac bone biopsies at week 48. This report focuses on 14 patients with TIO, excluding two diagnosed with X-linked hypophosphatemia post-enrollment and one with CSHS. Serum phosphorus increased from baseline (0.52 mmol/L) and was maintained after dose titration from week 22 (0.91 mmol/L) to week 144 (0.82 mmol/L, p < 0.0001). Most measures of osteomalacia were improved at week 48: osteoid volume/bone, osteoid thickness, and mineralization lag time decreased; osteoid surface/bone surface showed no change. Of 249 fractures/pseudofractures detected across 14 patients at baseline, 33% were fully healed and 13% were partially healed at week 144. Patients reported a reduction in pain and fatigue and an increase in physical health. Two patients discontinued: one to treat an adverse event (AE) of neoplasm progression and one failed to meet dosing criteria (receiving minimal burosumab). Sixteen serious AEs occurred in seven patients, and there was one death; all serious AEs were considered unrelated to treatment. Nine patients had 16 treatment-related AEs; all were mild to moderate in severity. In adults with TIO, burosumab exhibited an acceptable safety profile and was associated with improvements in phosphate metabolism and osteomalacia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-635
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • BONE HISTOMORPHOMETRY
  • CLINICAL TRIALS
  • OSTEOMALACIA AND RICKETS
  • PTH/VIT D/FGF23
  • TUMOR-INDUCED BONE DISEASE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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