Burden of liver diseases in the world

Sumeet K. Asrani, Harshad Devarbhavi, John Eaton, Patrick S. Kamath

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

250 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liver disease accounts for approximately 2 million deaths per year worldwide, 1 million due to complications of cirrhosis and 1 million due to viral hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Cirrhosis is currently the 11th most common cause of death globally and liver cancer is the 16th leading cause of death; combined, they account for 3.5% of all deaths worldwide. Cirrhosis is within the top 20 causes of disability-adjusted life years and years of life lost, accounting for 1.6% and 2.1% of the worldwide burden. About 2 billion people consume alcohol worldwide and upwards of 75 million are diagnosed with alcohol-use disorders and are at risk of alcohol-associated liver disease. Approximately 2 billion adults are obese or overweight and over 400 million have diabetes; both of which are risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. The global prevalence of viral hepatitis remains high, while drug-induced liver injury continues to increase as a major cause of acute hepatitis. Liver transplantation is the second most common solid organ transplantation, yet less than 10% of global transplantation needs are met at current rates. Though these numbers are sobering, they highlight an important opportunity to improve public health given that most causes of liver diseases are preventable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-171
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of hepatology
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Burden
  • Chronic liver disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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