Budesonide in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease: The first year of experience in clinical practice

Ashish Chopra, Darrell S. Pardi, Edward V. Loftus, William J. Tremaine, Laurence J. Egan, William A. Faubion, Karen A. Hanson, Therese A. Johnson, William J. Sandborn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Delayed release budesonide was approved by the FDA for the treatment of mildly to moderately active Crohn's disease involving the ileum and ascending colon. Controlled trials have demonstrated that budesonide is effective in inducing remission and for maintenance of remission, with less frequent steroid side effects than conventional steroids. We sought to determine the benefit of this medication in clinical practice and to identify any non-FDA-approved uses that may warrant further study. Methods: Patients in whom oral budesonide was prescribed between November 1, 2001 and October 31, 2002, were identified and medical records were reviewed. Patients were categorized by indication for therapy: ileocolonic Crohn's disease (group 1), Crohn's disease elsewhere (group 2), and other conditions (group 3). Results: A total of 225 patients were identified (108 in group 1, 62 in group 2, and 55 in group 3). Group 3 included patients with microscopic colitis (n = 28), pouchitis (n = 13), ulcerative colitis (n = 12), and celiac disease (n = 2). A favorable outcome occurred in 61% of group 1 patients but only 24% of patients in group 2. In group 3, only microscopic colitis patients and pouchitis patients experienced response rates >50% (77% and 60%, respectively). Conclusion: Budesonide is effective in a majority of patients with ileocolonic Crohn's disease and microscopic colitis, which is consistent with results reported from clinical trials. A majority of patients with pouchitis also benefit from budesonide therapy, but prospective controlled trials are necessary to clarify the benefit in this group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-32
Number of pages4
JournalInflammatory bowel diseases
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Gastroenterology

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