Bronchoconstriction occurring during exercise in asthmatic subjects

Kenneth C. Beck, Kenneth P. Offord, Paul D. Scanlon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

To demonstrate physiologic changes associated with asthma symptoms that many patients with asthma develop during exercise, we used sustained constant-load and interval exercise protocols with subjects breathing dry room temperature air. In constant-load exercise, subjects pedaled a stationary bicycle at 50% of their maximal power capacity for 36 min. In interval protocols, subjects pedaled at 60% of maximal capacity for 6 min and then 40% of maximal for 6 min; the 12-min cycle was repeated three times for a total exercise time of 36 min. Maximal expiratory flow versus volume maneuvers (MEFV) were obtained before, at 6-min intervals during, and at 5- min intervals after exercise. Changes in peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), and forced expiratory flow at 50% of pre- exercise vital capacity (FEF50) were compared with pre-exercise values. Within 15 min after a maximal 1-min incremental exercise protocol, mean flows decreased compared with pre-exercise (PEF, mean -22%, range -46 to 5%; FEV1, mean -21%, range -42 to -3%; FEF50, mean -41%, range -80 to 3%; all p < 0.05). There were no significant changes in MEFV flows until 18 min of constant-load exercise, when FEV1 and FEF50 fell (FEV1, mean -6%, range - 15 to 2%; FEF50, mean -14%, range -32 to 6%; both p < 0.05), although changes in PEF were minimal and were not significantly different compared with pre-exercise. During the interval protocol, mean flows declined each time work load was reduced from 60 to 40% of maximal capacity (PEF, -10%, range -26 to 7%; FEV1, mean -10%, range -22 to -3%; FEF50, mean -24%, range -55 to 3%; all p < 0.05), and flows increased toward pre-exercise values each time work load was increased again to 60% of maximal capacity. We conclude that in subjects with EIA, bronchoconstriction can occur during exercise, particularly during periods of reduced exercise intensity, although the constriction is reversible by a return to higher exercise intensity. There is little refractoriness to repeat cycles of periods of high followed by low work rates. Airway function during and after exercise likely reflects a dynamic balance between bronchoconstrictor and bronchodilator influences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)352-357
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume149
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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