Bronchial contractions in transplanted lungs: Influence of denervation, acute rejection, and the bronchial epithelium

A. J. McLarty, Virginia M Miller, H. D. Tazelaar, C. G A McGregor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of pulmonary denervation and rejection on contractions of bronchial smooth muscle and epithelial modulation of these contractions were studied in dogs after denervation in right lung autotransplantation (n = 6) and acute rejection after right lung allotransplantation (n = 8). Immunosuppression was withdrawn from the latter group after 5 days; rejection developed after 3 additional days. A significant (p < 0.05) increase in mean peak airway pressure occurred with rejection of allotransplanted lungs. Rings cut from third-order bronchi of transplanted and contralateral unoperated (native) lungs in each animal were suspended in organ chambers for the measurement of isometric force. In some rings, the epithelium was removed mechanically. Acetylcholine (cholinergic neurotransmitter), serotonin (platelet-product), histamine (mast cell product), and endothelin-1 (endothelium-derived contracting factor) caused concentration-dependent contractions in all rings. In bronchi from native lungs, rings with epithelium contracted less than those without epithelium. This difference was lost after autotransplantation. The smooth muscle and epithelium were affected differently by autotransplantation. Contractions of rings without epithelium decreased in response to acetylcholine and endothelin-1, whereas contractions of rings with epithelium increased in response to histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine (p < 0.05). During acute rejection, contractions were the same as those after autotransplantation. Bronchial content of endothelin increased fourfold with rejection. Relaxations to isoproterenol and prostaglandin E2 were similar in both groups. In conclusion, denervation reduced the ability of the smooth muscle to contract. The degree of acute pulmonary rejection seen in this study did not further affect bronchial contractions. Modulation of contractions by the bronchial epithelium was lost with both denervation and rejection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-804
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume106
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Denervation
Epithelium
Autologous Transplantation
Lung
Smooth Muscle
Endothelin-1
Bronchi
Histamine
Acetylcholine
Serotonin
Endothelins
Isoproterenol
Dinoprostone
Mast Cells
Immunosuppression
Cholinergic Agents
Endothelium
Neurotransmitter Agents
Blood Platelets
Dogs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Bronchial contractions in transplanted lungs : Influence of denervation, acute rejection, and the bronchial epithelium. / McLarty, A. J.; Miller, Virginia M; Tazelaar, H. D.; McGregor, C. G A.

In: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Vol. 106, No. 5, 1993, p. 797-804.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1867f8f02bc347e48c54779571976496,
title = "Bronchial contractions in transplanted lungs: Influence of denervation, acute rejection, and the bronchial epithelium",
abstract = "The effects of pulmonary denervation and rejection on contractions of bronchial smooth muscle and epithelial modulation of these contractions were studied in dogs after denervation in right lung autotransplantation (n = 6) and acute rejection after right lung allotransplantation (n = 8). Immunosuppression was withdrawn from the latter group after 5 days; rejection developed after 3 additional days. A significant (p < 0.05) increase in mean peak airway pressure occurred with rejection of allotransplanted lungs. Rings cut from third-order bronchi of transplanted and contralateral unoperated (native) lungs in each animal were suspended in organ chambers for the measurement of isometric force. In some rings, the epithelium was removed mechanically. Acetylcholine (cholinergic neurotransmitter), serotonin (platelet-product), histamine (mast cell product), and endothelin-1 (endothelium-derived contracting factor) caused concentration-dependent contractions in all rings. In bronchi from native lungs, rings with epithelium contracted less than those without epithelium. This difference was lost after autotransplantation. The smooth muscle and epithelium were affected differently by autotransplantation. Contractions of rings without epithelium decreased in response to acetylcholine and endothelin-1, whereas contractions of rings with epithelium increased in response to histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine (p < 0.05). During acute rejection, contractions were the same as those after autotransplantation. Bronchial content of endothelin increased fourfold with rejection. Relaxations to isoproterenol and prostaglandin E2 were similar in both groups. In conclusion, denervation reduced the ability of the smooth muscle to contract. The degree of acute pulmonary rejection seen in this study did not further affect bronchial contractions. Modulation of contractions by the bronchial epithelium was lost with both denervation and rejection.",
author = "McLarty, {A. J.} and Miller, {Virginia M} and Tazelaar, {H. D.} and McGregor, {C. G A}",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "106",
pages = "797--804",
journal = "Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery",
issn = "0022-5223",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bronchial contractions in transplanted lungs

T2 - Influence of denervation, acute rejection, and the bronchial epithelium

AU - McLarty, A. J.

AU - Miller, Virginia M

AU - Tazelaar, H. D.

AU - McGregor, C. G A

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - The effects of pulmonary denervation and rejection on contractions of bronchial smooth muscle and epithelial modulation of these contractions were studied in dogs after denervation in right lung autotransplantation (n = 6) and acute rejection after right lung allotransplantation (n = 8). Immunosuppression was withdrawn from the latter group after 5 days; rejection developed after 3 additional days. A significant (p < 0.05) increase in mean peak airway pressure occurred with rejection of allotransplanted lungs. Rings cut from third-order bronchi of transplanted and contralateral unoperated (native) lungs in each animal were suspended in organ chambers for the measurement of isometric force. In some rings, the epithelium was removed mechanically. Acetylcholine (cholinergic neurotransmitter), serotonin (platelet-product), histamine (mast cell product), and endothelin-1 (endothelium-derived contracting factor) caused concentration-dependent contractions in all rings. In bronchi from native lungs, rings with epithelium contracted less than those without epithelium. This difference was lost after autotransplantation. The smooth muscle and epithelium were affected differently by autotransplantation. Contractions of rings without epithelium decreased in response to acetylcholine and endothelin-1, whereas contractions of rings with epithelium increased in response to histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine (p < 0.05). During acute rejection, contractions were the same as those after autotransplantation. Bronchial content of endothelin increased fourfold with rejection. Relaxations to isoproterenol and prostaglandin E2 were similar in both groups. In conclusion, denervation reduced the ability of the smooth muscle to contract. The degree of acute pulmonary rejection seen in this study did not further affect bronchial contractions. Modulation of contractions by the bronchial epithelium was lost with both denervation and rejection.

AB - The effects of pulmonary denervation and rejection on contractions of bronchial smooth muscle and epithelial modulation of these contractions were studied in dogs after denervation in right lung autotransplantation (n = 6) and acute rejection after right lung allotransplantation (n = 8). Immunosuppression was withdrawn from the latter group after 5 days; rejection developed after 3 additional days. A significant (p < 0.05) increase in mean peak airway pressure occurred with rejection of allotransplanted lungs. Rings cut from third-order bronchi of transplanted and contralateral unoperated (native) lungs in each animal were suspended in organ chambers for the measurement of isometric force. In some rings, the epithelium was removed mechanically. Acetylcholine (cholinergic neurotransmitter), serotonin (platelet-product), histamine (mast cell product), and endothelin-1 (endothelium-derived contracting factor) caused concentration-dependent contractions in all rings. In bronchi from native lungs, rings with epithelium contracted less than those without epithelium. This difference was lost after autotransplantation. The smooth muscle and epithelium were affected differently by autotransplantation. Contractions of rings without epithelium decreased in response to acetylcholine and endothelin-1, whereas contractions of rings with epithelium increased in response to histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine (p < 0.05). During acute rejection, contractions were the same as those after autotransplantation. Bronchial content of endothelin increased fourfold with rejection. Relaxations to isoproterenol and prostaglandin E2 were similar in both groups. In conclusion, denervation reduced the ability of the smooth muscle to contract. The degree of acute pulmonary rejection seen in this study did not further affect bronchial contractions. Modulation of contractions by the bronchial epithelium was lost with both denervation and rejection.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027431193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027431193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8231200

AN - SCOPUS:0027431193

VL - 106

SP - 797

EP - 804

JO - Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

JF - Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

SN - 0022-5223

IS - 5

ER -