Brainstem cavernous malformations: anatomical, clinical, and surgical considerations.

Giuliano Giliberto, Desiree J. Lanzino, Felix E. Diehn, David Factor, Kelly D. Flemming, Giuseppe Lanzino

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Symptomatic brainstem cavernous malformations carry a high risk of permanent neurological deficit related to recurrent hemorrhage, which justifies aggressive management. Detailed knowledge of the microscopic and surface anatomy is important for understanding the clinical presentation, predicting possible surgical complications, and formulating an adequate surgical plan. In this article the authors review and illustrate the surgical and microscopic anatomy of the brainstem, provide anatomoclinical correlations, and illustrate a few clinical cases of cavernous malformations in the most common brainstem areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurosurgical Focus
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Giliberto, G., Lanzino, D. J., Diehn, F. E., Factor, D., Flemming, K. D., & Lanzino, G. (2010). Brainstem cavernous malformations: anatomical, clinical, and surgical considerations. Neurosurgical Focus, 29(3). https://doi.org/10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10133