Brain tumor and epilepsy

Gregory D Cascino, William O. Tatum

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

A 30-year-old patient had a 3- to 4-year history of recurrent focal seizures. He was diagnosed with localization-related epilepsy manifested as recurrent focal seizures associated with a sudden behavioral arrest, vacant stare, and right upper extremity dystonic posturing. The duration was brief and was associated with postictal amnesia and word-finding difficulties. Rare nocturnal generalized tonic-clonic seizures also occurred. His neurological examination was unremarkable except for the mental status testing that demonstrated abnormal short-term memory. Routine EEG shows bitemporal epileptiform discharges which were most prevalent on the left during sleep. A CT of the brain was normal. The patient's seizures were refractory to phenytoin, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, and levetiracetam. MRI brain showed a focal lesion in the left medial temporal lobe (Fig. 12.1). The appearance suggested a primary brain tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEpilepsy Case Studies: Pearls for Patient Care
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages51-54
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9783319013664, 3319013653, 9783319013657
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Cascino, G. D., & Tatum, W. O. (2013). Brain tumor and epilepsy. In Epilepsy Case Studies: Pearls for Patient Care (pp. 51-54). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01366-4_12