BRAF and MEK inhibitor combination therapy is the standard treatment for patients with BRAF V600E mutant metastatic melanoma. Neutrophilic panniculitis is a known rare complication of BRAF inhibitor therapy and can act as a potential mimic of melanoma metastases on 18F-FDG PET/CT. In this case series, we present three cases of BRAF inhibitor-induced panniculitis in patients being treated for BRAF-mutant metastatic melanoma and emphasize the use of ultrasound to differentiate between panniculitis lesions, which are typically ill-defined echogenic masses and subcutaneous soft tissue melanoma metastases, which present as hypoechoic vascular masses.
- Diagnostic ultrasound
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging