Brachial Plexus Birth Injuries: A Critical Analysis Review

Nicholas Pulos, William J. Shaughnessy, Robert Spinner, Alexander Y. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


»: The incidence of brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) in the United States is declining and now occurs in <1 per 1,000 births. »: The gold standard for predicting the need for early intervention remains serial examination. »: Early treatment of BPBI with reconstructive surgery requires the ability to perform both interposition nerve grafting and nerve transfers. »: Given the heterogeneity of lesions, the evidence is largely limited to retrospective comparative studies and case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJBJS reviews
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 8 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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