Bone marrow angiogenesis in multiple myeloma: Effect of therapy

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Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated that angiogenesis has a role in haematological malignancies, including multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma is characterized by inevitable relapse after standard or high-dose chemotherapy. To study the effect of chemotherapy on bone marrow angiogenesis in patients with multiple myeloma, we used two methods to evaluate bone marrow angiogenesis in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, comparing these findings with those from bone marrow obtained after standard chemotherapy. Before therapy, an increased degree of bone marrow angiogenesis and a high bone marrow plasma cell labelling index (PCLI) were predictive of poorer survival. As estimated by microvessel density (MVD), the median survivals for patients with low-grade, intermediate-grade and high-grade angiogenesis were 77, 30 and 14 months respectively. After therapy, the MVD did not change significantly. However, when patients with at least a partial response were considered separately, they showed a decrease in MVD. Post-therapy PCLI was predictive of survival, but post-therapy MVD was not. There was good correlation between angiogenesis estimated by visual grading and that determined by MVD assessment. We conclude that the degree of bone marrow angiogenesis is a prognostic marker in patients with multiple myeloma and does not decrease significantly after therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-671
Number of pages7
JournalBritish journal of haematology
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Chemotherapy
  • Microvessel density
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Plasma cell labelling index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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