We present a novel immunotherapeutic strategy using a human B7-DC cross-linking Ab that prevents lung inflammation, airway obstruction, and hyperreactivity to allergen in a mouse model of allergic inflammatory airway disease. Dendritic cells (DC) have the ability to skew the immune response toward a Th1 or Th2 polarity. The sHIgM12 Ab functions in vitro by cross-linking the costimulatory family molecule B7-DC (PD-L2) on DC up-regulating IL-12 production, homing to lymph nodes, and T cell-activating potential of these APCs. Using chicken OVA as a model Ag, the administration of sHIgM12 Ab to BALB/c mice blocked lung inflammation, airway pathology, and responsiveness to methacholine, even after animals were presensitized and a Th2-polarized immune response was established. This therapeutic strategy was ineffective in STAT4-deficient animals, indicating that IL-12 production is critical in this system. Moreover, the polarity of the immune response upon in vitro restimulation with Ag is changed in wild-type mice, with a resulting decrease in Th2 cytokines IL-4 and IL-5 and an increase in the immunoregulatory cytokine EL-10. These studies demonstrate that the immune response of hypersensitized responders can be modulated using B7-DC cross-linking Abs, preventing allergic airway disease upon re-exposure to allergen.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy