Biomarkers of cardiovascular injury and stress are associated with increased frequency of ventricular ectopy: A population-based study

Julia Brox Skranes, Gunnar Einvik, Silje Kjeka Namtvedt, Anna Randby, Harald Hrubos-Strøm, Jon Brynildsen, Tor Arne Hagve, Virend Somers, Helge Røsjø, Torbjørn Omland

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Abstract

Background: Asymptomatic ventricular arrhythmias are common and associated with increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. Cardiac troponins, natriuretic peptides and C-reactive protein (CRP) are also predictive of adverse cardiovascular events in the general population, but limited information is available on the relationship between these biomarkers and ventricular ectopy in a community-based population. The objectives were to evaluate the associations between ventricular ectopic activity and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high sensitivity-troponin I (hs-TnI) and hs-CRP in a community-based setting. Methods: We performed a 24h Holter-recording and blood sampling in 498 subjects. Premature ventricular complexes (PVC) were classified as frequent at >5/h and the presence of any bigeminy, trigeminy or non-sustained ventricular tachycardia were classified as complex ventricular ectopy. The associations between biomarkers and ventricular arrhythmias were investigated by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: Frequent PVC's and complex ventricular ectopy were detected in 46 (9%) and 47 (9%) participants respectively, and were associated with significantly (p<0.001) higher concentrations of NT-proBNP and hs-TnI. The association between NT-proBNP and both frequent PVC's (p=0.020) and complex ventricular ectopy (p=0.001) remained significant after adjusting for conventional risk markers in multivariate analyses. Conclusion: Increased level of NT-proBNP was independently associated with ventricular ectopy, whereas no independent association was observed between hs-TnI and hs-CRP levels and ventricular ectopy in this community-based sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number233
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 22 2016

Keywords

  • Arrhythmias
  • C-reactive protein
  • NT-proBNP
  • Troponin I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Skranes, J. B., Einvik, G., Namtvedt, S. K., Randby, A., Hrubos-Strøm, H., Brynildsen, J., Hagve, T. A., Somers, V., Røsjø, H., & Omland, T. (2016). Biomarkers of cardiovascular injury and stress are associated with increased frequency of ventricular ectopy: A population-based study. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 16(1), [233]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12872-016-0407-z