Bibliotherapy to decrease stress and anxiety and increase resilience and mindfulness

a pilot trial

Varun Sharma, Amit Sood, Kavita Prasad, Laura Loehrer, Darrell Schroeder, Brent A Bauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Interventions to decrease stress and enhance resiliency and mindfulness are more likely to be widely implemented if they can be offered without the need for in-person training. The purpose of this study was to assess effectiveness of a self-directed Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART) program delivered using only written material for improving stress, resiliency, and mindfulness.

METHODS: A total of 37 employees at a large medical center were recruited and given written material on the SMART program. Subjects were instructed to practice the skills presented in the written materials without any additional training. The skills included education about the neuropsychology of stress and resilience, training attention to focus in the present moment, and refining interpretations. Primary outcome measures assessed resilience, perceived stress, anxiety, and quality of life.

RESULTS: Out of 37 employees, 34 (89%) enrolled subjects completed the study and provided the baseline and follow-up data. A statistically significant improvement in perceived stress, resilience, mindfulness, anxiety, and quality of life was observed at 12 weeks.

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that a brief, self-directed program to decrease stress and enhance resilience and mindfulness provided excellent short-term effectiveness for enhancing resilience, mindfulness and quality of life, and decreasing stress and anxiety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-252
Number of pages5
JournalExplore (New York, N.Y.)
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2014

Fingerprint

Bibliotherapy
Mindfulness
Anxiety
Resilience
Decrease
Resiliency
Quality of Life
Education
Neuropsychology
Psychological Stress
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Baseline
Person
Likely
Training

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • Bibliotherapy
  • psychological resilience
  • psychological stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Bibliotherapy to decrease stress and anxiety and increase resilience and mindfulness : a pilot trial. / Sharma, Varun; Sood, Amit; Prasad, Kavita; Loehrer, Laura; Schroeder, Darrell; Bauer, Brent A.

In: Explore (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 10, No. 4, 01.07.2014, p. 248-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sharma, Varun ; Sood, Amit ; Prasad, Kavita ; Loehrer, Laura ; Schroeder, Darrell ; Bauer, Brent A. / Bibliotherapy to decrease stress and anxiety and increase resilience and mindfulness : a pilot trial. In: Explore (New York, N.Y.). 2014 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 248-252.
@article{db4bb80fdd2f4f59b23d08f46cc6776a,
title = "Bibliotherapy to decrease stress and anxiety and increase resilience and mindfulness: a pilot trial",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Interventions to decrease stress and enhance resiliency and mindfulness are more likely to be widely implemented if they can be offered without the need for in-person training. The purpose of this study was to assess effectiveness of a self-directed Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART) program delivered using only written material for improving stress, resiliency, and mindfulness.METHODS: A total of 37 employees at a large medical center were recruited and given written material on the SMART program. Subjects were instructed to practice the skills presented in the written materials without any additional training. The skills included education about the neuropsychology of stress and resilience, training attention to focus in the present moment, and refining interpretations. Primary outcome measures assessed resilience, perceived stress, anxiety, and quality of life.RESULTS: Out of 37 employees, 34 (89{\%}) enrolled subjects completed the study and provided the baseline and follow-up data. A statistically significant improvement in perceived stress, resilience, mindfulness, anxiety, and quality of life was observed at 12 weeks.CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that a brief, self-directed program to decrease stress and enhance resilience and mindfulness provided excellent short-term effectiveness for enhancing resilience, mindfulness and quality of life, and decreasing stress and anxiety.",
keywords = "anxiety, Bibliotherapy, psychological resilience, psychological stress",
author = "Varun Sharma and Amit Sood and Kavita Prasad and Laura Loehrer and Darrell Schroeder and Bauer, {Brent A}",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.explore.2014.04.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "248--252",
journal = "Explore",
issn = "1550-8307",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bibliotherapy to decrease stress and anxiety and increase resilience and mindfulness

T2 - a pilot trial

AU - Sharma, Varun

AU - Sood, Amit

AU - Prasad, Kavita

AU - Loehrer, Laura

AU - Schroeder, Darrell

AU - Bauer, Brent A

PY - 2014/7/1

Y1 - 2014/7/1

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Interventions to decrease stress and enhance resiliency and mindfulness are more likely to be widely implemented if they can be offered without the need for in-person training. The purpose of this study was to assess effectiveness of a self-directed Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART) program delivered using only written material for improving stress, resiliency, and mindfulness.METHODS: A total of 37 employees at a large medical center were recruited and given written material on the SMART program. Subjects were instructed to practice the skills presented in the written materials without any additional training. The skills included education about the neuropsychology of stress and resilience, training attention to focus in the present moment, and refining interpretations. Primary outcome measures assessed resilience, perceived stress, anxiety, and quality of life.RESULTS: Out of 37 employees, 34 (89%) enrolled subjects completed the study and provided the baseline and follow-up data. A statistically significant improvement in perceived stress, resilience, mindfulness, anxiety, and quality of life was observed at 12 weeks.CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that a brief, self-directed program to decrease stress and enhance resilience and mindfulness provided excellent short-term effectiveness for enhancing resilience, mindfulness and quality of life, and decreasing stress and anxiety.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Interventions to decrease stress and enhance resiliency and mindfulness are more likely to be widely implemented if they can be offered without the need for in-person training. The purpose of this study was to assess effectiveness of a self-directed Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART) program delivered using only written material for improving stress, resiliency, and mindfulness.METHODS: A total of 37 employees at a large medical center were recruited and given written material on the SMART program. Subjects were instructed to practice the skills presented in the written materials without any additional training. The skills included education about the neuropsychology of stress and resilience, training attention to focus in the present moment, and refining interpretations. Primary outcome measures assessed resilience, perceived stress, anxiety, and quality of life.RESULTS: Out of 37 employees, 34 (89%) enrolled subjects completed the study and provided the baseline and follow-up data. A statistically significant improvement in perceived stress, resilience, mindfulness, anxiety, and quality of life was observed at 12 weeks.CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that a brief, self-directed program to decrease stress and enhance resilience and mindfulness provided excellent short-term effectiveness for enhancing resilience, mindfulness and quality of life, and decreasing stress and anxiety.

KW - anxiety

KW - Bibliotherapy

KW - psychological resilience

KW - psychological stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84927171305&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84927171305&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.explore.2014.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.explore.2014.04.002

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 248

EP - 252

JO - Explore

JF - Explore

SN - 1550-8307

IS - 4

ER -