Benign tumors of the foramen magnum

F. B. Meyer, M. J. Ebersold, D. F. Reese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors reviewed 102 documented cases of benign extramedullary tumors of the foramen magnum treated at their institution between 1924 and 1982. There was 78 meningiomas 23 neurofibromas, and one teratoma. Approximately 40% of the patients had a normal neurological examination upon first evaluation. The most frequent presenting complaints were suboccipital neck pain, dysesthesias, gait disturbances, weakness, and hand clumsiness. The average time from initial symptoms to diagnosis was 2 1/4 years. The most common findings included hyperreflexia, arm or hand weakness, Babinski sign, spastic gait, sensory loss, and 11th cranial nerve involvement. Based on these cases, an attempt is made to distinguish foramen magnum tumors from other disease entities by a grouping of signs and symptoms. There is no clinical finding that is pathognomonic. Metrizamide computerized tomography scanning and Pantopaque myelography have been the radiographic tests most commonly used to evaluate the foramen magnum. Recent experience suggests that nuclear magnetic resonance scanning will be a very useful noninvasive means of evaluating the foramen magnum region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-142
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume61
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1984

Fingerprint

Foramen Magnum
Neoplasms
Iophendylate
Hand
Babinski's Reflex
Neurologic Gait Disorders
Metrizamide
Neurofibroma
Abnormal Reflexes
Myelography
Cranial Nerves
Neck Pain
Paresthesia
Teratoma
Neurologic Examination
Meningioma
Gait
Signs and Symptoms
Arm
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Meyer, F. B., Ebersold, M. J., & Reese, D. F. (1984). Benign tumors of the foramen magnum. Journal of Neurosurgery, 61(1), 136-142.

Benign tumors of the foramen magnum. / Meyer, F. B.; Ebersold, M. J.; Reese, D. F.

In: Journal of Neurosurgery, Vol. 61, No. 1, 1984, p. 136-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Meyer, FB, Ebersold, MJ & Reese, DF 1984, 'Benign tumors of the foramen magnum', Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 136-142.
Meyer FB, Ebersold MJ, Reese DF. Benign tumors of the foramen magnum. Journal of Neurosurgery. 1984;61(1):136-142.
Meyer, F. B. ; Ebersold, M. J. ; Reese, D. F. / Benign tumors of the foramen magnum. In: Journal of Neurosurgery. 1984 ; Vol. 61, No. 1. pp. 136-142.
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