Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological diseases of childhood and results from diverse etiologies. Many children with epilepsy will be found to have a specific electroclinical syndrome, which is key for selecting appropriate investigations and therapy and for determining prognosis. Epilepsies that are pharmacoresponsive, not associated with encephalopathy, and often self-limited are thought of as "benign." Conversely, "malignant" epilepsies are pharmacoresistant, often result in epileptic encephalopathy, and are generally not self-limited. This chapter will review both "benign" and "malignant" epilepsies in children, focusing on epidemiology, clinical manifestations, electroencephalogram (EEG) findings, treatment, and long-term outcome.
- Antiepileptic drugs
- Electroclinical syndrome
- Idiopathic generalized epilepsy
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