Benign and Malignant Childhood Epilepsies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological diseases of childhood and results from diverse etiologies. Many children with epilepsy will be found to have a specific electroclinical syndrome, which is key for selecting appropriate investigations and therapy and for determining prognosis. Epilepsies that are pharmacoresponsive, not associated with encephalopathy, and often self-limited are thought of as "benign." Conversely, "malignant" epilepsies are pharmacoresistant, often result in epileptic encephalopathy, and are generally not self-limited. This chapter will review both "benign" and "malignant" epilepsies in children, focusing on epidemiology, clinical manifestations, electroencephalogram (EEG) findings, treatment, and long-term outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEpilepsy
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Pages147-158
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781118456989
ISBN (Print)9781118456941
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 17 2014

Keywords

  • Antiepileptic drugs
  • Childhood
  • EEG
  • Electroclinical syndrome
  • Epilepsy
  • Idiopathic generalized epilepsy
  • MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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