Behavioral treatment for smokers with a history of alcoholism

Predictors of successful outcome

Christi Ann Patten, John E. Martin, Karen J. Calfas, Jennifer Lento, Troy D. Wolter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined baseline predictors associated with smoking abstinence among 205 smokers (113 men, 92 women) with a past history of alcoholism. Their mean age was 41.8 years, and 93% were Caucasian. Participants were randomly assigned to standard treatment (ST), behavioral counseling plus exercise (BEX), or behavioral counseling plus nicotine gum (BNIC). Factors multivariately associated with point-prevalence smoking abstinence at posttreatment (1 week after target quit date) were a longer duration of prior smoking abstinence and an interaction between treatment group and having an active 12-step sponsor. ST was more effective for those with an active sponsor, whereas both BEX and BNIC were more effective for those without an active sponsor. At 1-year follow-up, independent predictors of point-prevalence smoking abstinence were a lower Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire score (K. O. Fagerström, 1978) and fewer years of smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)796-801
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume69
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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Alcoholism
Smoking
Counseling
Therapeutics
Nicotine
Exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Behavioral treatment for smokers with a history of alcoholism : Predictors of successful outcome. / Patten, Christi Ann; Martin, John E.; Calfas, Karen J.; Lento, Jennifer; Wolter, Troy D.

In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 69, No. 5, 2001, p. 796-801.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Patten, Christi Ann ; Martin, John E. ; Calfas, Karen J. ; Lento, Jennifer ; Wolter, Troy D. / Behavioral treatment for smokers with a history of alcoholism : Predictors of successful outcome. In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2001 ; Vol. 69, No. 5. pp. 796-801.
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