BE SMART: Strategies for foot care and prevention of foot complications in patients with diabetes

Oscar L. Morey-Vargas, Steven A. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Diabetic foot ulcers and lower extremity amputations are common complications of diabetes mellitus that are associated with substantial morbidity, loss of quality of life, disability, and a high social and economic burden. The implementation of strategies to prevent these complications is a key aspect of diabetes care. Objectives: The objective of this article is to provide an overview of the available evidence on preventive diabetic foot care. Study design: Literature review. Methods: Narrative review based on a thorough search of previous relevant studies, systematic reviews, and clinical guidelines on diabetic foot care published in English. Results: We describe diabetic foot care strategies that can be categorized within defined domains for the purpose of helping clinicians to remember them. We use the mnemonic "BE SMART" (Be aware of the risk factors, Educate patients and health providers, Structured clinical assessment, Metabolic evaluation and management, Assessment of Risk, and Team care) to organize these domains. Conclusion: Diabetic foot ulcers and lower extremity amputations are potentially preventable complications. Clinicians taking care of patients with diabetes should know, understand, and remember the multiple aspects of diabetic foot care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-60
Number of pages13
JournalProsthetics and Orthotics International
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2015

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic foot
  • Foot ulcers
  • Lower extremity amputations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Rehabilitation

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