Local secretion of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) may modulate the effects of IGF-I and IGF-II on bone cell metabolism and proliferation. Several osteoblast-derived cell lines are currently used as interchangeable models to study IGFBP production, although it is unknown whether findings in one cell line can be extrapolated to another cell line or to normal human osteoblasts. In this study, we examined by Western ligand blotting both basal and regulated secretion of IGFBPs in vitro in 1) normal human osteoblast-like (hOB) cells cultured from explants of human trabecular bone; 2) an SV40-transformed hOB (HOBIT) cell line; and 3) several human (U-2, MG-63, TE-85) and rat (ROS 17/2.8 and UMR-106-01) osteosarcoma cell lines. Constitutively, hOB and HOBIT cells produced a similar pattern of IGFBPs, while all other cell lines produced their own unique pattern of IGFBPs. The two rat cell lines differed from the human cell lines as well as from each other. The response to hormonal stimulation also varied among the cell lines. Treatment of hOB and HOBIT cells with IGF-I resulted in a 2-fold increase in medium levels of IGFBP-3; IGF-I decreased levels of 24-kilodalton (kDa) IGFBP in hOB cell-conditioned medium. In addition, IGF-I markedly increased levels of the 29/32/34 kDa IGFBP triplet in U-2 cells, but had little or no effect in the other human and rat osteosarcoma cell lines. PTH increased a 29-kDa IGFBP apparent only in UMR 106-01 cell-conditioned medium, whereas GH had no direct effect on IGFBP secretion in any of the osteoblast-like cells tested. We conclude that basal and regulated secretion of IGFBPs from osteoblast-like cells is cell-line specific. Spontaneously transformed human or rat osteoblast-like cells provide unique model systems to study features of distinct IGFBPs and their regulation; however, hOB cells and their derivatives may be more appropriate models for understanding the regulation of IGFs in human bone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical