Bariatric surgery: Surgery for weight control in patients with morbid obesity

Bruno M. Balsiger, Michel M. Murr, Juan Lucas Poggio, Michael G. Sarr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

156 Scopus citations

Abstract

Morbid obesity has become a health crisis in the United States. Medical programs developed at nonoperative attempts to lose (and maintain) an adequate weight loss are largely unsuccessful. Bariatric surgery has been proven to be effective at inducing and maintaining a satisfactory weight loss to decrease weight-related comorbidity. Bariatric operations include procedures that decrease mechanically the volume capacitance of the proximal stomach (vertical banded gastroplasty, laparoscopic gastric banding) or decrease the proximal gastric capacitance and establish a partial selective malabsorption (gastric bypass and its modifications, partial biliopancreatic bypass, and duodenal switch with partial biliopancreatic bypass). These operations should induce a loss of at least 50% (or more) of excess body weight. Not all patients are candidates for these procedures, and the best results are obtained by a multidisciplinary team (including nutritionist, physician, dietitian, psychologist or psychiatrist interested in eating disorders, and surgeon).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-489
Number of pages13
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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