Background: Chronic pain (CP) is a prevalent and disabling diagnosis in obese individuals, but how bariatric surgery patients respond to chronic pain rehabilitation treatment programs has not previously been described.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare treatment outcomes of a chronic pain rehabilitation program (psychological and pain variables, medication use, treatment completion rates) for post-bariatric surgery patients to those of a non-bariatric surgery control group.
Setting: Three week outpatient multidisciplinary chronic pain program in an academic medical center.
Methods: This was a retrospective case-control study. Medical records of patients admitted to the Pain Rehabilitation Center at Mayo Clinic from 2008 to 2012 were reviewed. One hundred six patients with a history of bariatric surgery (cases) were identified and matched to 106 patients without a history of bariatric surgery (controls) on age, gender, and smoking status (n = 202). Matched t tests and McNemar’s tests were used for analyses.
Results: Mean age was 46 years; 91 % were female and 58 % were non-smokers. The majority of cases (71 %) had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Bariatric patients had higher rates of benzodiazepine use at discharge (33 vs. 19 %, p = 0.0433) and were less likely to complete treatment (87 vs. 97 %, p = 0.007) compared to controls. Morphine equivalent use for cases was 127.3 mg ± 135.4 (n = 62) compared to 88.3 mg ± 95.3 (n = 62), p = 0.12, for controls at admission.
Conclusions: These results suggest that bariatric patients may be at risk for treatment non-adherence and have difficulty reducing medication use in the treatment of chronic pain.
- Bariatric surgery
- Chronic pain
- Morphine equivalents
- Opioid use
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics