Myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms with fibroblastic growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1) abnormalities originate from mutated pluripotent stem cells and have a heterogeneous clinical presentation. There are 12 identified partner genes commonly involved in FGFR1 translocation at an 8p11 breakpoint. In FGFR1-related neoplasms, T-lymphoblastic lymphoma with eosinophilia is the most common clinical scenario, whereas acute B-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (B-ALL/LBL) is rare. To date, only 7 cases of B-ALL/LBL with FGFR1 abnormalities have been reported. Here, we report an additional case of a 64-year-old gentleman with leukocytosis, eosinophilia and diffuse mediastinal and general lymphadenopathy. Bone marrow examination showed patchy infiltrates of immature precursors/blasts, along with myeloid/eosinophilic hyperplasia. Immunophenotyping confirmed increased B lymphoblasts (30-40%). Karyotyping revealed cytogenetic abnormalities, including t(8;13)(p11;q12)/ZMYM2 (ZNF198)-FGFR1 and trisomy 21. The patient did not respond to hyper-CVAD chemotherapy and within 4 months developed acute myelomonocytic leukemia and expired 11 months after the initial diagnosis. Similar cases from the literature are reviewed.
- Acute B-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma
- t(8;13)(p11;q12)/ZMYM2 (ZNF198)-FGFR1
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