Awareness of direct-to-consumer genetic tests and use of genetic tests among Puerto Rican adults, 2009

Ana Patricia Ortiz, Magdalena López, Libertad T. Flores, Marievelisse Soto-Salgado, Lila J Rutten, Ruby A. Serrano-Rodriguez, Bradford W. Hesse, Guillermo Tortolero-Luna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Genetic testing remains low among racial/ethnic minority populations in the United States. We aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of awareness of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests and the prevalence of genetic test use in a population-based sample of adults in Puerto Rico. Methods: We analyzed data from adults aged 18 years or older who completed information on genetic test awareness (n = 611; 96% of study population) from the Health Information National Trends Survey conducted in Puerto Rico in 2009. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were estimated by using logistic regression models to identify factors associated with awareness of DTC genetic tests. Results: The majority of respondents (56%) were aware of direct-to-consumer genetic tests, and approximately 4% had ever undergone any genetic test. Respondents who had never been married were less likely to be aware of DTC tests, as were current smokers. Respondents who ever sought cancer information were more likely to be aware of these tests. Conclusion: We provide the first published data on the awareness of DTC genetic tests and on use of genetic testing in Puerto Rico. Forty-four percent of our sample of Puerto Rican adults were unaware of direct-to-consumer genetic tests. Given the lack of clear benefits of DTC genetic tests to the general population, educational interventions should be developed to increase awareness and specific knowledge regarding the appropriate use of DTC genetic tests among people who are already aware of their exisceten.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA120
JournalPreventing chronic disease
Volume8
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Puerto Rico
Genetic Testing
Population
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ortiz, A. P., López, M., Flores, L. T., Soto-Salgado, M., Rutten, L. J., Serrano-Rodriguez, R. A., ... Tortolero-Luna, G. (2011). Awareness of direct-to-consumer genetic tests and use of genetic tests among Puerto Rican adults, 2009. Preventing chronic disease, 8(5), [A120].

Awareness of direct-to-consumer genetic tests and use of genetic tests among Puerto Rican adults, 2009. / Ortiz, Ana Patricia; López, Magdalena; Flores, Libertad T.; Soto-Salgado, Marievelisse; Rutten, Lila J; Serrano-Rodriguez, Ruby A.; Hesse, Bradford W.; Tortolero-Luna, Guillermo.

In: Preventing chronic disease, Vol. 8, No. 5, A120, 09.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ortiz, AP, López, M, Flores, LT, Soto-Salgado, M, Rutten, LJ, Serrano-Rodriguez, RA, Hesse, BW & Tortolero-Luna, G 2011, 'Awareness of direct-to-consumer genetic tests and use of genetic tests among Puerto Rican adults, 2009', Preventing chronic disease, vol. 8, no. 5, A120.
Ortiz AP, López M, Flores LT, Soto-Salgado M, Rutten LJ, Serrano-Rodriguez RA et al. Awareness of direct-to-consumer genetic tests and use of genetic tests among Puerto Rican adults, 2009. Preventing chronic disease. 2011 Sep;8(5). A120.
Ortiz, Ana Patricia ; López, Magdalena ; Flores, Libertad T. ; Soto-Salgado, Marievelisse ; Rutten, Lila J ; Serrano-Rodriguez, Ruby A. ; Hesse, Bradford W. ; Tortolero-Luna, Guillermo. / Awareness of direct-to-consumer genetic tests and use of genetic tests among Puerto Rican adults, 2009. In: Preventing chronic disease. 2011 ; Vol. 8, No. 5.
@article{7b58a6a858d9474698e98c41ab0d1f1c,
title = "Awareness of direct-to-consumer genetic tests and use of genetic tests among Puerto Rican adults, 2009",
abstract = "Introduction: Genetic testing remains low among racial/ethnic minority populations in the United States. We aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of awareness of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests and the prevalence of genetic test use in a population-based sample of adults in Puerto Rico. Methods: We analyzed data from adults aged 18 years or older who completed information on genetic test awareness (n = 611; 96{\%} of study population) from the Health Information National Trends Survey conducted in Puerto Rico in 2009. Odds ratios with 95{\%} confidence intervals were estimated by using logistic regression models to identify factors associated with awareness of DTC genetic tests. Results: The majority of respondents (56{\%}) were aware of direct-to-consumer genetic tests, and approximately 4{\%} had ever undergone any genetic test. Respondents who had never been married were less likely to be aware of DTC tests, as were current smokers. Respondents who ever sought cancer information were more likely to be aware of these tests. Conclusion: We provide the first published data on the awareness of DTC genetic tests and on use of genetic testing in Puerto Rico. Forty-four percent of our sample of Puerto Rican adults were unaware of direct-to-consumer genetic tests. Given the lack of clear benefits of DTC genetic tests to the general population, educational interventions should be developed to increase awareness and specific knowledge regarding the appropriate use of DTC genetic tests among people who are already aware of their exisceten.",
author = "Ortiz, {Ana Patricia} and Magdalena L{\'o}pez and Flores, {Libertad T.} and Marievelisse Soto-Salgado and Rutten, {Lila J} and Serrano-Rodriguez, {Ruby A.} and Hesse, {Bradford W.} and Guillermo Tortolero-Luna",
year = "2011",
month = "9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
journal = "Preventing chronic disease",
issn = "1545-1151",
publisher = "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Awareness of direct-to-consumer genetic tests and use of genetic tests among Puerto Rican adults, 2009

AU - Ortiz, Ana Patricia

AU - López, Magdalena

AU - Flores, Libertad T.

AU - Soto-Salgado, Marievelisse

AU - Rutten, Lila J

AU - Serrano-Rodriguez, Ruby A.

AU - Hesse, Bradford W.

AU - Tortolero-Luna, Guillermo

PY - 2011/9

Y1 - 2011/9

N2 - Introduction: Genetic testing remains low among racial/ethnic minority populations in the United States. We aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of awareness of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests and the prevalence of genetic test use in a population-based sample of adults in Puerto Rico. Methods: We analyzed data from adults aged 18 years or older who completed information on genetic test awareness (n = 611; 96% of study population) from the Health Information National Trends Survey conducted in Puerto Rico in 2009. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were estimated by using logistic regression models to identify factors associated with awareness of DTC genetic tests. Results: The majority of respondents (56%) were aware of direct-to-consumer genetic tests, and approximately 4% had ever undergone any genetic test. Respondents who had never been married were less likely to be aware of DTC tests, as were current smokers. Respondents who ever sought cancer information were more likely to be aware of these tests. Conclusion: We provide the first published data on the awareness of DTC genetic tests and on use of genetic testing in Puerto Rico. Forty-four percent of our sample of Puerto Rican adults were unaware of direct-to-consumer genetic tests. Given the lack of clear benefits of DTC genetic tests to the general population, educational interventions should be developed to increase awareness and specific knowledge regarding the appropriate use of DTC genetic tests among people who are already aware of their exisceten.

AB - Introduction: Genetic testing remains low among racial/ethnic minority populations in the United States. We aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of awareness of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests and the prevalence of genetic test use in a population-based sample of adults in Puerto Rico. Methods: We analyzed data from adults aged 18 years or older who completed information on genetic test awareness (n = 611; 96% of study population) from the Health Information National Trends Survey conducted in Puerto Rico in 2009. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were estimated by using logistic regression models to identify factors associated with awareness of DTC genetic tests. Results: The majority of respondents (56%) were aware of direct-to-consumer genetic tests, and approximately 4% had ever undergone any genetic test. Respondents who had never been married were less likely to be aware of DTC tests, as were current smokers. Respondents who ever sought cancer information were more likely to be aware of these tests. Conclusion: We provide the first published data on the awareness of DTC genetic tests and on use of genetic testing in Puerto Rico. Forty-four percent of our sample of Puerto Rican adults were unaware of direct-to-consumer genetic tests. Given the lack of clear benefits of DTC genetic tests to the general population, educational interventions should be developed to increase awareness and specific knowledge regarding the appropriate use of DTC genetic tests among people who are already aware of their exisceten.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84855178174&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84855178174&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 21843413

AN - SCOPUS:84855178174

VL - 8

JO - Preventing chronic disease

JF - Preventing chronic disease

SN - 1545-1151

IS - 5

M1 - A120

ER -