Avian leukosis virus is a versatile eukaryotic platform for polypeptide display

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Display technology refers to methods of generating libraries of modularly coded biomolecules and screening them for particular properties. Retroviruses are good candidates to be a eukaryotic viral platform for the display of polypeptides synthesized in eukaryotic cells. Here we demonstrate that avian leukosis virus (ALV) provides an ideal platform for display of nonviral polyaeptides expressed in a eukaryotic cell substrate. Different sizes of polypeptides were genetically fused to the extreme N-terminus of the ALV envelope glycoprotein in an ALV infectious clone containing an alkaline phosphatase reporter gene. The chimeric envelope glycoproteins were efficiently incorporated into virions and were stably displayed on the surface of the virions through multiple virus replication cycles. The foreign polypeptides did not interfere with the attachment and entry functions of the underlying ALV envelope glycoproteins. The displayed polypeptides were fully functional and could efficiently mediate attachment of the recombinant viruses to their respective cognate receptors. This study demonstrates that ALV is an ideal display platform for the generation and selection of libraries of polypeptides where there is a need for expression, folding, and posttranslational modification in the endoplasmic reticulum of eukaryotic cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-312
Number of pages10
JournalVirology
Volume315
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2003

Keywords

  • Avain leukosis virus
  • Display technology
  • Envelope glycoprotein
  • Polypeptide display

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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