Dysregulation of the neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) is implicated in several neuropsychiatric conditions. Multiple-cyclic square-wave voltammetry (MCSWV) is a state-of-the-art technique for measuring tonic DA levels with high sensitivity (<5 nM), selectivity, and spatiotemporal resolution. Currently, however, analysis of MCSWV data requires manual, qualitative adjustments of analysis parameters, which can inadvertently introduce bias. Here, we demonstrate the development of a computational technique using a statistical model for standardized, unbiased analysis of experimental MCSWV data for unbiased quantification of tonic DA. The oxidation current in the MCSWV signal was predicted to follow a lognormal distribution. The DA-related oxidation signal was inferred to be present in the top 5% of this analytical distribution and was used to predict a tonic DA level. The performance of this technique was compared against the previously used peak-based method on paired in vivo and post-calibration in vitro datasets. Analytical inference of DA signals derived from the predicted statistical model enabled high-fidelity conversion of the in vivo current signal to a concentration value via in vitro post-calibration. As a result, this technique demonstrated reliable and improved estimation of tonic DA levels in vivo compared to the conventional manual post-processing technique using the peak current signals. These results show that probabilistic inference-based voltammetry signal processing techniques can standardize the determination of tonic DA concentrations, enabling progress toward the development of MCSWV as a robust research and clinical tool.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)