Autologous Extracellular Vesicles Attenuate Cardiac Injury in Experimental Atherosclerotic Renovascular Disease More Effectively Than Their Parent Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells

Siting Hong, Xiang Yang Zhu, Yamei Jiang, Lei Zhang, Hui Tang, Kyra L. Jordan, Ishran M. Saadiq, Weijun Huang, Amir Lerman, Alfonso Eirin, Lilach O. Lerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Atherosclerotic renovascular disease (RVD) leads to hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and heart disease. Intrarenal delivery of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and MSC-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) attenuate renal injury and suppress release of inflammatory cytokines in porcine RVD. We hypothesized that this strategy would also be useful for cardioprotection. Pigs with renovascular hypertension and metabolic syndrome were studied 4 weeks after treatment with a single intrarenal infusion of autologous MSCs, EVs, or vehicle. Cardiac structure and function were assessed in vivo, and myocardial remodeling and expression of the pro-fibrotic factor growth factor receptor-bound protein-2 (Grb2) were measured ex-vivo. Inflammatory cytokine levels were measured in the systemic circulation and myocardial tissue. Blood pressure was elevated in all RVD groups, but serum creatinine increased in RVD and decreased in both RVD + MSCs and RVD + EVs. RVD-induced diastolic dysfunction (lower E/A ratio) was normalized in both MSCs- and EVs- treated pigs. Intrarenal delivery of MSCs and EVs also attenuated RVD-induced myocardial fibrosis, collagen deposition, and Grb2 expression, yet EVs restored capillary density and inflammation more effectively than MSCs. These observations suggest that autologous EVs attenuate cardiac injury in experimental RVD more effectively than their parent MSCs. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalStem Cell Reviews and Reports
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Atherosclerotic renovascular disease
  • Cardiac injury
  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Inflammation
  • Mesenchymal stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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