Autoimmune pancreatitis: Differentiation from pancreatic carcinoma and normal pancreas on the basis of enhancement characteristics at dual-phase CT

Naoki Takahashi, Joel G. Fletcher, David M. Hough, Jeff L. Fidler, Akira Kawashima, Jayawant N. Mandrekar, Suresh T. Chari

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51 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purposes of this study were to define the pancreatic enhancement of autoimmune pancreatitis at dualphase CT and to compare it with that of pancreatic carcinoma and a normal pancreas. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Dualphase CT scans of 101 patients (43 with autoimmune pancreatitis, 13 cases of which were focal; 33 with pancreatic carcinoma, and 25 with a normal pancreas) were evaluated. One radiologist measured the CT attenuation of the pancreatic parenchyma and pancreatic masses in both the pancreatic and hepatic phases of imaging. The mean CT attenuation value of the pancreatic parenchyma in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis was compared with that in patients with a normal pancreas. The mean CT attenuation value of the focal masses in the focal form of autoimmune pancreatitis was compared with that of carcinomas. RESULTS. In the pancreatic phase, the mean CT attenuation value of the pancreatic parenchyma in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis was significantly lower than that in patients with a normal pancreas (autoimmune pancreatitis, 85 HU; normal pancreas, 104 HU; p < 0.05). In the hepatic phase, however, the mean CT attenuation values were not significantly different (autoimmune pancreatitis, 96 HU; normal pancreas, 89 HU; p = 0.6). In the pancreatic phase, the mean CT attenuation value of the mass in autoimmune pancreatitis was not significantly different from that of carcinoma (autoimmune pancreatitis, 71 HU; carcinoma, 59 HU; p = 0.06), but in the hepatic phase, the value was significantly higher than that of carcinoma (autoimmune pancreatitis, 90 HU; carcinoma, 64 HU; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION. At dualphase CT, the enhancement patterns of the pancreas and pancreatic masses in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis are different from those of pancreatic carcinoma and normal pancreas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-484
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume193
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Autoimmune pancreatitis
  • CT
  • Pancreas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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