Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis is a heterogeneous immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by recurrent candidal infections of the skin, nails, and mucous membranes. The syndrome can be associated with autoimmune conditions, especially endocrine disorders. Typically, inheritance is autosomal recessive, and abnormal T-cell-mediated immunity is thought to be the underlying deficit. We describe a 27-year-old man with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, in whom both lymphocyte blastogenesis and delayed-type skin reactivity to Candida antigens were normal. Notable features of the case include autoimmune hemolytic anemia, probable hypoparathyroidism, and hypogonadal hypogonadism.
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