Chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disease caused by platelet destruction resulting from autoantibodies against platelet surface proteins, particularly platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (αIIbβ3). TO localize the autoepitopes on platelet αIIbβ3, the binding of autoantibodies to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing either αIIbβ3 or αvβ3 was studied. Thirteen of 14 ITP autoantibodies bound only to CHO cells expressing αIIbβ3. Because these 2 integrins have the same beta chain (β3), these results show that most epitopes in chronic ITP are dependent on the presence of glycoprotein αIIb.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology