Autoantibodies and the risk of cardiovascular events

Kimberly P. Liang, Hilal Maradit Kremers, Cynthia S. Crowson, Melissa R. Snyder, Terry M. Therneau, Veronique L. Roger, Sherine E. Gabriel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Inflammation and autoimmunity are associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. This association may also be present in those without rheumatic diseases. Our purpose was to determine whether rheumatoid factor (RF), antinuclear antibody (ANA), and cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (CCP) positivity are associated with increased risk of CV events and overall mortality in those with and without rheumatic diseases. Methods. We performed a population-based cohort study of all subjects who had a RF and/or ANA test performed between January 1, 1990, and January 1, 2000, and/or CCP test performed between September 1, 2003, and January 1, 2005, with followup until April 1, 2007. Outcomes were ascertained using diagnostic indices from complete medical records, including CV events [myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure (HF), and peripheral vascular disease (PVD)] and mortality. Cox models were used to analyze the data. Results. There were 6783 subjects with RF, 7852 with ANA, and 299 with CCP testing. Of these, 10.4%, 23.9%, and 14.7% were positive for RF,ANA, and CCP, respectively.Adjusting for age, sex, calendar year, comorbidity, and rheumatic disease, RF and ANA positivity were significant predictors of CV events [hazard ratio (HR) 1.24 and 1.26] and death (HR 1.43 and 1.18).Adjusting for age, CCP positivity was associated with CV events, but this association was not statistically significant (HR 3.1; 95% CI 0.8, 12.3). Conclusion. RF and ANA positivity are significant predictors of CV events and mortality in both those with and those without rheumatic diseases. These results support the role of immune dysregulation in the etiology of CV disease. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2462-2469
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Antinuclear antibodies
  • Autoantibodies
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Mortality
  • Rheumatoid factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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