Aurora kinase and FGFR3 inhibition results in significant apoptosis in molecular subgroups of multiple myeloma

Utkarsh Painuly, Vijay Ramakrishnan, Teresa Kimlinger, Linda Wellik, Jessica Haug, Wilson Gonsalves, Lintao Bi, Zhongxia Huang, S. Vincent Rajkumar, Shaji Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aberrant expression of proteins involved in cell division is a constant feature in multiple myeloma (MM), especially in high-risk disease. Increasingly, therapy of myeloma is moving towards individualization based on underlying genetic abnormalities. Aurora kinases are important mediators of cell cycle and are up regulated in MM. Functional loss of Aurora kinases results in genetic instability and dysregulated division leading to cellular aneuploidy and growth arrest. We investigated the role of Aurora kinase inhibition in MM, using a small molecule inhibitor A1014907. Low nanomolar A1014907 concentrations induced aneuploidy in MM cell lines independent of underlying cytogenetic abnormalities by inhibiting Aurora Kinases. However, A1014907 induced more pronounced and dose dependent apoptosis in cell lines with t(4;14) translocation. Translocation t(4;14) is observed in about 15% of patients with MM leading to constitutive activation of FGFR3 in two-thirds of these patients. Further investigation of the mechanism of action of A1014907 revealed potent FGFR3 pathway inhibition only in the sensitive cell lines. Thus, our results show that aurora kinase inhibition causes cell cycle arrest and aneuploidy with minimal apoptosis whereas inhibiting both aurora kinase and FGFR3 activity induced potent apoptosis in MM cells. These results support clinical evaluation of A1014907 in MM patients with t(4;14) translocation and/or FGFR3 expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34582-34594
Number of pages13
JournalOncotarget
Volume9
Issue number77
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Aurora kinase
  • FGFR3
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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