Auditory and vestibular symptoms and chronic subjective dizziness in patients with Ménière's disease, vestibular migraine, and Ménière's disease with concomitant vestibular migraine

Brian A. Neff, Jeffrey P. Staab, Scott D. Eggers, Matthew L. Carlson, William R. Schmitt, Kathryn M. Van Abel, Douglas K. Worthington, Charles W. Beatty, Colin L. Driscoll, Neil T. Shepard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare presentations of Ménière's disease (MD), vestibular migraine (VM), and Ménière's disease plus vestibular migraine (MDVM), with and without comorbid chronic subjective dizziness (CSD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review with diagnosis confirmed by consensus conference of investigators using published criteria for MD, VM, and CSD. SETTING: Ambulatory, tertiary dizziness clinic. PATIENTS: Approximately 147 consecutive patients with diagnoses of MD, VM, or MDVM, with/without comorbid CSD. INTERVENTIONS: Diagnostic consultation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Similarities and differences between diagnostic groups in demographics; symptoms; and results of neurotologic, audiometric, and vestibular laboratory assessments. RESULTS: Seventy-six patients had MD, 55 MD alone. Ninety-two patients had VM, 71 VM alone. Twenty-one patients had MDVM, representing about one-quarter of those diagnosed with MD or VM. Clinical features thought to differentiate VM from MD were found in all groups. Twenty-seven patients with VM (38%) had ear complaints (subjective hearing loss, aural pressure, and tinnitus) during episodes of vestibular symptoms and headache, including 10 (37%) with unilateral symptoms. Conversely, 27 patients with MD alone (49%) had headaches with migraine features that did not meet full IHS diagnostic criteria, migrainous symptoms (photophobia, headache with vomiting), or first-degree relative with migraine. Including MDVM patients, 59% (45/76) of all patients with MD had migrainous features. Thirty-two patients had CSD; most (29; 91%) were in the VM group. CONCLUSION: Comorbidity was common between MD and VM, and their symptoms overlapped. More specific diagnostic criteria are needed to differentiate these diseases and address their coexistence. CSD co-occurred with VM but was rarely seen with MD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1235-1244
Number of pages10
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Keywords

  • Chronic subjective dizziness
  • Dizziness
  • Migraine
  • Ménière'sdisease
  • Sensorineural hearing loss
  • ertigo
  • estibular migraine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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